1Kavi K. Oza, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
2Rinku J. Desai, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
3Vinay M. Raole, Professor, Department of Botany, Faculty of Science, The Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara, Gujarat, India.
Manuscript received on 24 September 2021 | Revised Manuscript received on 29 September 2021 | Manuscript Accepted on 15 October 2021 | Manuscript published on 30 October 2021 | PP: 1-7 | Volume-1 Issue-2, October 2021 | Retrieval Number: 100.1/ijb.B2001041221 | DOI: 10.54105/ijab.B2001.101221
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Abstract: Leaves are most important part of the plant and can be used for the identification of a taxon. An appropriate understanding of leaf development in terms of shape and responsible abiotic factors is necessary for improvement in plant. Leaf shape variation could be evaluated successfully, and the symmetrical and asymmetrical elements of the overall shape variation could be detected. The aim of the present study was to establish a quantitative analysis method of leaf shape by elliptic Fourier descriptors and principal component analysis (EF-PCA). EF-PCA describes an overall shape mathematically by transforming coordinate information concerning its contours into elliptic Fourier descriptors (EFDs) and summarizing the EFDs by principal component analysis. We can be able to extract six variables by using leaf specimen images from field and herbarium specimens. In the present study, total leaf area with respect to notch area is more variable within species. Within a species the major source of the symmetrical elements may be governed by genotypic features and the asymmetrical elements are strongly affected by the environment. We could discuss the value of morphometrics to detect subtle morphological variation which may be undetectable by human eye.
Keywords: Convolvulaceae, EFA, Morphometrics, PCA, SHAPE.
Scope of the Article: Morphology